His Highness Sheikh Mohammad Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice-President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai announced the launch of permanent residency system for a niche group of 6,800 UAE residents. These include investors in the fields of science, engineering, and art. This is the latest addition to government reforms in the UAE to encourage foreign investments and entrepreneurship opportunities. This is a major milestone for UAE and will have a positive impact on the real estate market. Read the full article here.
Purchasing off-plan properties is still a very popular way to jump into the real estate market, particularly in Dubai. Already in 2019, over half – 55 per cent – of all real estate transactions have been off plan. Investors are eager to be involved in the real estate market, and many first timers are using off-plan purchases as an affordable way to get on the property ladder.
While purchasing an off-plan property may seem like a low-cost way to enter the property market, there are a number of variables that you have no control over that will affect your return on investment. With so many unknowns, purchasing properties off-plan can turn from an investment to specualtion. Hoping that once the property is handed over it will be worth more than when you purchased it is nothing short of a roll of the dice.
Most off-plan properties have an expected handover period of 3 to 5 years, but unfortunately the industry has a bad track record. Only 40 per cent of projects in Dubai get delivered on time, meaning an off-plan buyer would have to wait even longer to see any return on investment. During this time, the money that was invested is totally inaccessible in case of a major life change such as a job loss, or a drastic change in the real estate market itself. This puts all of the risk on the shoulders of the buyer.
If you do manage to make it through the nearly six years it might take to receive your property, your return on investment may still not be all that you had hoped. In the current market, off-plan properties are selling at nearly the same price per square foot than the existing or “ready” market. It may be worth more in the future, but then again, maybe it won’t – that is the risk that off-plan buyers take on.
Now with post-handover payment plans, purchasing off-plan can seem even more attractive upfront – but buyer beware. Developers and brokers can be misleading when they claim that buyers will see great returns on a four or eight year post-handover payment plan. They calculate returns based on only what has been paid until the date of the handover, and then determine the rent on that money, ignoring the fact that the buyer will have to pay the remaining 40 to 50 per cent over eight years. Factoring in the cost of the service charges, many times buyers end up paying out of pocket as their returns don’t cover costs.
Let’s take an example of a AED 1 million property that is expected to be handed over on 4 years with 5 year post hand over payment plan. Let’s assume you are required to pay 30% until the handover and the remaining 70% during the 5-year post hand over plan. For simplicity we will assume all payments are paid on a linear fashion. In the first 4 years to handover you will be obliged to invest approximately AED 75,000 per month. Remember this is money being paid to the developer and you are not earning anything on it yet. Once the property is handed over and lets assume you can rent it out for AED 80,000. Lot of agents and developers sell the idea that you have only put in AED 300,000 (AED 75,000 x 4) and are earning AED 80,000 in rent and that is 26% ROI. This is extremely misleading as they forget to mention that you still have 70% of the property value to pay.
On a 5 year post hand over payment plan that equates to AED 140,000 per year. Even if we don’t assume service charges, property management or any other fees you are still required to pay an additional AED 60,000 out of your pocket for another 5 years (AED 140,000 less rent AED 80,000). So for the next 9 years you will only be paying and not earning any return on your money. The posthna over payment plan is good as you got your renter to pay for part of the property purchase. The AED 1 million property only costed you AD 600,000 as the renter paid AED 80,000 per year for 5 years. Now let’s assume the property is worth AED 1.3 million at the end of these 9 years your total return will be an impressive AED 700,000 on your AED 600,000. Not bad at all but it took you 9 years to earn that. However, we have not assumed any delays, any service charges or other costs. If the property prices don’t increase or your rent is less than the returns will be much lower. You need a lot of things to go right your way for you to make money on an investment like this over a long period of time. It could work out or it could not.
You as an investor should be rewarded for the risk you take. Now assume a similar property can be purchased on day one that is rented at the same price. You would buy that for AED 1 million and collect AED 80,000 rent per year and after 9 years that property is worth AED 1.3 million. In the 9 years you would have earned AED 720,000 in rental income and AED 300,000 in gain on the property for a total of AED 1,020,000. Keep in mind you did have to park AED 1 million in this case, but you started earning right away and had more control on your investment. If you look at the returns in % terms, there is not much difference. If you factor in the time value of money the off plan might have a slight advantage. Total returns are not too dissimilar, but the risk levels are very different. Off plan is much riskier than buying something that is ready, and you can start earning right away. For higher risk your return should be higher than the alternative. If that is the case and you are getting rewarded more for the level of risk, you are taking than it might make sense to go down that route but if you are getting the same return than why would you take on additional risk.
Thankfully, there is more than one way to buy into the real estate market without emptying your bank account with a huge upfront purchase cost. Crowd-sourcing platforms like Smart Crowd bring the same affordability that off-plan purchasers are looking for to the ready market by allowing buyers to invest in a fraction of the total property. What is more, with crowd-sourcing investment platforms, buyers need not wait years to see a return on their investments – they can start seeing rental income from day one. Find out more details on www.smartcrowd.ae.
In the long-term, crowd-sourcing also protects your investment, as you won’t need prices to increase substantially for you to make high returns. A steady rental income releases you from the ebb and flow of a volatile market.Real estate investment may feel like a gamble, particularly when purchasing off-plan properties. Savvy investors who want to buy into the real estate market without throwing the dice look to group investment platforms to provide a low cost to entry, immediate returns and less risk.
Earning your money was the hard part, but now you are staring down the barrel of the second step in wealth management – where to invest your hard earned cash? Investing can seem like a gamble, and no one has a crystal ball that will predict the health of your investments over the years. There are, however, a few investment tips that have stood the test of time.
To create a balanced investment portfolio, savvy investors spread their money across three classes of assets:
- Stocks: Rise and fall in value rapidly, offer high returns coupled with high risk.
- Bonds: U.S. Treasury bonds, notes and bills are low-risk and low-yield, while corporate bonds and private debt funds offer higher yields at higher risk levels.
- Real estate: Low-risk, high-return investment when held long-term. Real estate hedges against inflation but has a high entry cost and can’t be sold quickly.
- Each of those assets plays a different part in balancing an investment portfolio.
As with any roll of the dice, investments that generate the highest returns, such as stocks, also carry the highest risk. While you may be soaring high one day, we have all seen the stock market crash and leave investors penniless. Conversely, investments that carry the lowest risk, like government bonds, also have the lowest rate of returns.
A team of economists from the University of California, the University of Bonn and the German Central Bank recently set out to shine a brighter light on the often confusing world of investing. Taking an extremely broad approach, the multi-disciplinary team released a research paper that covers 16 advanced economies over the last 145 years. Aptly titled The Rate of Return on Everything, 1870-2015 researchers compared returns on equities, residential real estate, short-term treasury bills and long-term treasury bonds.
Their findings revealed a winner in the returns race – residential real estate. Residential real estate had average returns of 7 per cent per year, with rental income driving roughly half of those returns. With almost 49 per cent of the world’s wealthy currently tied up in real estate, the conclusion of the study is powerful.
Residential real estate also came out on top in the study in terms of risk. Investments are rated with what is called in the industry a Sharpe ratio. Simply put, this ratio is the return divided by risk, with a higher ratio indicating a better investment – a greater return relative to risk.
Over the 145-year study, real estate clocked in with a healthy Sharpe ratio of 0.7, much higher than equities at 0.27 or even treasury bonds at 0.2. What is more, the Sharpe ratio for real estate has grown stronger over time, averaging 0.8 per cent since 1950.
Investing in real estate allows you to generate a secondary source of passive income and allows you to participate in capital appreciation. This means you can reinvest your rental income while benefiting from appreciation. What is more, investing in real estate releases your finances somewhat from a fluctuating economy. Over time, returns on both equities and real estate tend to average growth around double the speed of the country’s economy as a whole.
While real estate investments are the clear winner for returns overtime, they do come with their challenges. Property is expensive, giving real estate investing a high-cost barrier to entry. Because of the high cost of real estate, it is difficult to diversify a property portfolio, and you can’t buy and sell on a whim.
Crowdfunding real estate platforms like Smart Crowd are coming in with a solution to these investment challenges. Crowdfunding your investment allows you to invest in real estate with whatever capital you have, rather than waiting years to save up for a downpayment. Smart Crowd gives potential investors exposure to residential real estate that can start generating passive income almost immediately. Crowdfunding platforms such as Smart Crowd not only give you access to real estate in your investment portfolio but rather allows you to tbuild a diversified real estate portfolio without a high upfront cost thus allowing you toshoulder much less risk.